Science & Research

>Science & Research

Novel Finding: Reading Literary Fiction Improves Empathy

Pixabay Images   The types of books we read may affect how we relate to others How important is reading fiction in socialising school children? Researchers at The New School in New York City have found evidence that literary fiction improves a reader’s capacity to understand what others are thinking and feeling. Emanuele [...]

Want To ‘Train Your Brain’? Forget Apps, Learn A Musical Instrument

Pixabay Images While brain training games and apps may not live up to their hype, it is well established that certain other activities and lifestyle choices can have neurological benefits that promote overall brain health and may help to keep the mind sharp as we get older. One of these is musical training. [...]

Scientists Hail First Successful Treatment For Children With Autism

Flickr Images Scientists say they have established the first successful treatment for autism, after training parents in how best to respond to the needs of children with the condition. The study, published in The Lancet, found “striking” and “remarkable” long-term changes after toddlers were enrolled in intensive communication programmes, which aimed to coax them [...]

The Emotion Centre Of The Brain: Why Is Mood So Important?

Flickr Images “Somebody woke up on the wrong side of bed this morning.” You know that comment; the one that rarely makes you feel any more gracious towards the world (or the person saying it). At other times you might feel particularly gracious and sunny, for no reason at all. Our mood is [...]

The Best Headspace For Making Decisions

Flickr Images Let’s say you’re making a hard choice, one that could impact your life significantly. Every time you think you've settled on something, the other option tugs you back to its side. You end up where you started: It's a draw. Should you make ever-more-detailed lists of pros and cons and seek [...]

Beware Your Biased Brains

Flickr Images Our brain can move very fast, and that can be a real problem. The tendency to make split-second assessments of people can lead to disastrous outcomes. A growing body of research is showing that what we see when we see a face is so strongly shaped by stereotypes, beliefs, and attitudes [...]

Toxic Air Pollution Particles Found In Human Brains

Flickr Images Toxic nanoparticles from air pollution have been discovered in human brains in “abundant” quantities, a newly published study reveals. Air pollution is a global health crisis that kills more people than malaria and HIV/Aids combined and it has long been linked to lung and heart disease and strokes. But research is [...]

First ‘Gold-standard’ Trial Of Ketamine’s Anti-depressant Effects Launched

Flickr Images The first “gold standard” clinical trial of ketamine for the ongoing treatment of major depression was launched in Sydney on Tuesday and will involve seven research institutions and 200 patients from across Australia and New Zealand. Several pilot studies have examined the effectiveness of ketamine for depression but these have typically [...]

Learning Styles Is Pseudo-scientific ‘Rubbish’, Experts Warn

Flikr Images Leading education academics have warned that the strategy of tailoring teaching to students' so-called "learning styles" was based on flawed theories that were not based on any evidence. Yet this teaching style - which identifies learners as "visual, auditory or kinesthetic" - is still being promoted by state education departments as best practice teaching. Professor Stephen Dinham, who has [...]

What Babies Know About Physics And Foreign Language

Pixabay Images Parents and policy makers have become obsessed with getting young children to learn more, faster. But the picture of early learning that drives them is exactly the opposite of the one that emerges from developmental science. The trouble is that most people think learning is the sort of thing we do [...]