Project Description

Growing Happy, Healthy Young Minds

Edited by Dr Ramesh Manocha & Gyongyi Horvath
To read the full chapter go to Volume 1, chapter 3, pp. 35-52.


Sandra Craig
Manager of the National Centre Against Bullying (NCAB) at The Alannah & Madeline Foundation
Sandra Craig is Manager of the National Centre Against Bullying (NCAB) at The Alannah & Madeline Foundation. After a career in secondary schools, she taught briefly at Deakin University and went on to be involved in research into bullying policy and practice. She has written submissions to government and various publications, and been involved in educational program development.


This chapter is about bullying – what it is, what it isn’t, what to do and not do about it – for parents, teachers and others working with young people.

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Bullying No Way!:
Ken Rigby:
National Centre Against Bullying:
PREVNet (Canada):
Alsaker, FV 2001, Peer Harassment in School. The Plight of the Vulnerable and Victimized ( JG Juvoven, Ed.), The Guildford Press, New York.
Barker, EB 2008, ‘Predictive Validity and Early Predictors of Peer-Victimization Trajectories in Preschool’, Arch Gen Psychiatry, vol. 65 no. 10, pp 1185–1192.
Casas, JW 2006, ‘Early parenting and children’s relational and physical aggression in the preschool and home contexts’, Psychology Faculty Publications.
Cross, D, Shaw, T, Hearn, L, Epstein, M, Monks, H, Lester, L, & Thomas, L 2009, Australian covert cullying prevalence study (ACBPS), Child Health Promotion Research Centre, Edith Cowan University, Perth.
Durlak, JA, Weissberg, RP, Dymnicki, AB, Taylor, RD & Schellinger, KB 2011, ‘The Impact of Enhancing Students’ Social and Emotional Learning: A Meta-Analysis of School-based Universal Interventions’, Child Development , vol. 82, pp 405–432.
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Espelage, D, Basile, KC, De La Rue, L, & Hamburger, ME 2015, ‘Longitudinal Associations Among Bullying, Homophobic Teasing, and Sexual Violence
Perpetration Among Middle School Students’, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 30, pp 2541–2561.
Hinduja, SC & Patchin, JW 2012, ‘Cyberbullying: Neither an epidemic nor a rarity’, European Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 9, no. 5.
McGrath, H & Noble, T (Eds) 2006, Bullying Solutions – evidence-based approaches to bullying in Australian schools, Pearson Longman, Australia.
McGrath, H & Noble, T 2003, BounceBack! Teacher’s Resource Book, Pearson Longman, Australia.
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Rigby, K 2013, ‘Bullying in schools and its relation to parenting and family life’, Family Matters , no. 92, pp 61–67.
Rigby, K 2012, ‘Bullying in Schools: Addressing Desires, Not Only Behaviours’, Educational Psycholog y Review, vol. 24, pp 339–348.
Rigby, K 2011, ‘What can schools do about cases of bullying?’ Pastoral Care in Education, vol. 29, no. 4, pp 273–285.
Rigby, K 2010, Bullying Interventions: in schools: six basic approaches, ACER, Camberwell.
Rigby, K 2002, New perspectives on bullying, Jessica Kingsley, London.
Rigby, K & Johnson, K 2016, The Prevalence and Effectiveness of Anti-Bullying Strategies employed in Australian Schools, University of South Australia, Adelaide.
Rigby, K, & Smith, PK 2011, ‘Is school bullying really on the rise?’ Social Psychology of Education, vol. 14, no. 4, pp 441–455. Sanders, D, Pattison, P & Bible, J 2012, ‘Legislating “Nice”: analysis and assessment of proposed workplace bullying prohibitions’, Southern Law Journal, vol. XXII.
Smith, PK 2014, Understanding School Bullying: its nature and prevention strategies, Sage, London.
Smith, PK, & Ananiadou, K 2003, ‘The Nature of School Bullying and the Effectiveness of School-Based Interventions’, Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic  Studies, vol. 5, no. 2.
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Wang, C, Berry, B & Swearer, Susan M 2013, ‘The Critical Role of School Climate in Effective Bullying Prevention’, Theory Into Practice
, vol. 52, no. 4.

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