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Adults who were psychologically controlled as children by their parents are more likely to have poor mental health, research suggests.

University College London researchers likened the impact to that of the death of a close friend or relative.

They said the most important factor in developing a sense of mental wellbeing was parents’ care and responsiveness.

But controlling parents restricted their children’s autonomy and stopped them developing a strong self-identity.

They prevented them from learning from their own mistakes or conflicts.

And this had a strong and persistent link with poor mental health throughout their life.


Children with caring parents were more securely attached and therefore better able to manage future relationships, the researchers said.

Mothers’ and fathers’ care were equally important predictors of mental health through to middle age.

But paternal care had a greater association with wellbeing in later life.

In the study, 2,000 people born in 1946 in England, Scotland and Wales were questioned in their adolescence, their 30s and 40s, and between the ages of 60 and 64 about their mental health.

They were also asked to reflect on the quality of their relationships with their parents in the first 16 years of their life.

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– Hannah Richardson

Source: Controlling parents ‘harm future mental health’ – BBC News